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Webpack 2 Migration Tips

Webpack 2 Migration Tips

Webpack 2 has been just released, it brings a lot of improvement and cool features, as well as breaking changes in configuration. Not all issues are easy to find by googling, to solve it fast. That is why I want to share tips that might help you to update you Webpack configuration and don’t break your bundle.

First of all, you need to check all new and more user-friendly documentation. It is not full now, but anyway, this is the official guide and will be handy.

Remove deprecated custom webpack options

So let’s start, the first issue that will break your build – exception related to custom properties in your config object. Now properties are limited to allowed list and checked by Webpack. Not all “loaders” allow configuration with new options parameter, for such Webpack loaders you should use LoaderOptionsPlugin until they are up-to-date with new rules. From my experience, this was related to sass loader. Here is the example:

const path = require('path');

...
plugins: [
  new webpack.LoaderOptionsPlugin({
    sassLoader: {
      includePaths: [path.resolve(__dirname, "./mdl")],
      precision: 10
    },
    context: __dirname
  })
]

You might mention that I’ve also added context option, it is not a mistake. This was necessary to pass context to got sass non-relative imports like @import '~mdl/component' working.

Configure Babel

If you are using Babel to transpile your code to ES5, there is a good news for you, from the 2nd version Webpack supports native imports. So you don’t need to transform such statements as import moment from 'moment' to CommonJS modules, Webpack normally handles this. To configure Babel properly just add option to preset es2015 in your .babelrc file:

"presets": [
  ["es2015", { "modules": false }]
]

That will enable usual preset-es2015 with the disabled native module to CommonJS transform.

Rename configuration properties

In new Webpack, some of the properties were renamed. You should rename your module.loaders to module.rules and inside each rule change loader property to use array, like this:

...
module: {
  rules: [
    {
      test: /\.ts$/,
      use: [
        'typescript-loader'
      ]
    }
  ]

Change ugly loaders chain

From now old-style short syntax for loaders definition is deprecated, you should use an array of strings/objects instead. Also, automatic loader resolve is disabled by default, prefer to write full loader name. Example of transformed loader style!css?sourceMap!postcss!sass?sourceMap:

module: {
  rules: [
    {
      test: /\.(scss|sass)$/,
      use: [
        'style-loader',
        {
          loader: 'css-loader',
          options: {
            sourceMap: true
          }
        },
        {
          loader: 'postcss-loader'
        },
        {
          loader: 'sass-loader',
          options: {
            sourceMap: true
          }
        }
      ]
    }
  ]
}

Here you can also mention that if loader has no options, it could be declared as a simple string instead object with loader key.

Extract Text Plugin

When this post was written ExtractTextPlugin hasn’t stable release for Webpack 2, that is why you need to specify the latest version of the v2 branch while installation npm install extract-text-webpack-plugin@2.0.0-beta.5. Also in my configuration it won’t get to work with CSS preprocessor, the solution was to change config:

module: {
  rules: [
    {
      test: /\.(scss|sass)$/,
      use: [
        ExtractTextPlugin.extract('style-loader'),
        {
          loader: 'css-loader',
          options: {
            sourceMap: true
          }
        },
        'postcss-loader'
        {
          loader: 'sass-loader',
          options: {
            sourceMap: true
          }
        }
      ]
    }
  ]
},
plugins: [
  new ExtractTextPlugin('styles.css')
]

That was the typical issues I’ve faced while upgrading my projects build, and you can find out more in official documentation. Hope my tips will save your time and reduce a headache before docs are entirely fulfilled. Write your tip in comments.

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